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Faculty/Staff Directory

Department of Education Sciences and Professional Programs

Wolfgang Althof was the Teresa M. Fischer Professor of Citizenship Education and served as the Executive Director of the Citizenship Education Clearing House (CECH) at the College of Education and the Co-Director (with Marvin W. Berkowitz) of the Center for Character and Citizenship from 2005 to 2018. Prior to coming to UM-St. Louis he was at the Department of Education, University of Fribourg, Switzerland, from 1984-2004. He was a Visiting Scholar at the Harvard University Graduate School of Education in 1995-96. Dr. Althof taught university courses at the University of Fribourg, the University of Bern, the Zurich College of Special Education (all in Switzerland), and at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Germany). At UMSL, he taught courses in Citizenship Education and Qualitative Social Research Methods. He was the lead-organizer and host of the biennial St. Louis Qualitative Research Conference several times, most recently in March 2013. Althof and Marvin W. Berkowitz were the co-leaders of the thematic learning community "Character Education and Democratic School Governance" in the College's newly revised Ed.D. program.

Dr. Althof's research experience includes the development of social and moral reasoning; longitudinal studies of moral action; the development of structures of argumentation and discourse; studies in professional morality; democracy and education in Schools; changes in individual conceptions of personal and societal values and morality in East and West Germany after the liquidation of the German Democratic Republic; values transmission in intergenerational relationships, and prevention of right-wing extremism and ethnic violence in schools. For more than 15 years, his focus has been on moral/character development and citizenship/democracy education in school-wide programs called "Just and Caring School Communities" (mostly on the elementary school level) and on their contribution to school and staff development. This research was conducted in Switzerland, Germany and Italy. Most of his research utilizes a triangulation of (quantitative and qualitative) methods and a triangulation of perspectives. - Dr. Althof is an active member of several professional organizations, including the Association for Moral Education (AME), the American Educational Research Association (AERA), and the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS). He serves on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Moral Education. 2006-2012, he was an elected member of the Association for Moral Education's Executive Board and her served as the President of AME for the term 2013-2016. He co-chaired the Annual Conferences of AME in St. Louis in 2010 and 2017.

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e-mail

althofw@umsl.edu

phone

(314) 516-5181

office

469 Marillac Hall

Education

  • M.A. (Education, Psychology and Sociology) 1978, University of Hamburg, Germany ("Diplom-Pädagoge")
  • Ph.D. (Education) 1990, University of Fribourg, Switzerland ("Dr. phil.")
  • Habilitation (Science of Education), 2002, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Germany ("Dr. phil. habil.")

Background

Wolfgang Althof was the Teresa M. Fischer Professor of Citizenship Education and served as the Executive Director of the Citizenship Education Clearing House (CECH) at the College of Education and the Co-Director (with Marvin W. Berkowitz) of the Center for Character and Citizenship from 2005 to 2018. Prior to coming to UM-St. Louis he was at in the Department of Education, University of Fribourg, Switzerland, from 1984-2004. He was a Visiting Scholar at the Harvard University Graduate School of Education in 1995-96. Dr. Althof taught university courses at the University of Fribourg, the University of Bern, the Zurich College of Special Education (all in Switzerland), and at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Germany). At UMSL, he taught courses on Citizenship Education and Qualitative Research Methods.

Dr. Althof's research experience includes the development of social and moral reasoning; longitudinal studies of moral action; the development of structures of argumentation and discourse; studies in professional morality; democracy and education in Schools; changes in individual conceptions of personal and societal values and morality in East and West Germany after the liquidation of the German Democratic Republic; values transmission in intergenerational relationships, and prevention of right-wing extremism and ethnic violence in schools. For more than 15 years, his focus has been on moral/character development and citizenship/democracy education in school-wide programs called "Just and Caring School Communities" (mostly on the elementary school level) and on their contribution to school and staff development. All of his research utilizes a triangulation of (quantitative and qualitative) methods and a triangulation of perspectives. - Dr. Althof is the co-author (with F. Oser) of "Moralische Selbstbestimmung" (Moral Autonomy; 1992, 4th edition 2001), a monograph on moral development and education that has become probably the most widely used textbook (concerning these issues) in German and Swiss Higher Education programs. - He is an active member of several professional organizations, including the Association for Moral Education (AME), the American Educational Research Association (AERA), and the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS). 2006-2012, he was an elected member of the Association for Moral Education's Executive Board and he served as the President of AME 2013-2016; he also was the lead organizer of the Annual AME conferences in 2010 and 2017.

Teaching Interests

  • Civic/citizenship education
  • Approaches to democratic schooling
  • Development of social, moral, and political reasoning and action
  • Intersection of character education and civic/citizenship education
  • Qualitative research in the social sciences

Research Interests

  • Effectiveness of participatory civic education programs
  • Programs that integrate civic/citizenship and character education
  • Inclusion in schools
  • Multi-aged and multi-grade schooling
  • Sources and processes of social, moral, and political
  • learning/developmentSchool/staff development
  • Peer mediation
  • Multi-aged and multi-grade schooling

Teaching Experience

Undergraduate courses taught: Developmental Psychology; Development and Education in Adolescence; Sociology of Education; Interaction and Communication in Educational Processes; Moral Development and Education; Basic Issues in Education; Qualitative Research in the Social Sciences.

Graduate courses taught: Intercultural education; Democracy and Education: John Dewey; History of the Cognitive-Developmental Approach; Theories of Socialization; Seasons of Life: Life-Span Development; Anti-Pedagogy; Collective Education; Pedagogical Issues in the Teaching Profession; Child Abuse; Violence in Schools; History of Childhood; Theories of "Bildung" Philosophy of Education; Social Cognition and Social Learning; Qualitative Research Methods (introductory and advanced); Democratic Education; Foundations of Citizenship Education; Current Issues in Citizenship Education (advanced course).

 

Representative Publications


Books

  • Oser, F. / Althof, W. (1992/2001). Moralische Selbstbestimmung. Modelle der Entwicklung und Erziehung im Wertebereich (630 pp.). (Moral autonomy. Models of development and education in the values domain.) Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta. (4th edition: 2001.) (Edition in Basque language: Autodeterminazioa Morala. Hezkuntza eta garapen ereduak balioen eremuan. Bilbao (Spain): Servicio Editorial de la Universidad del País Vasco 1998.)
  • Althof, W. (1990). Moralische Entwicklung, sozialkognitive Entwicklung, Ich-Entwicklung. Theorieelemente zur Ontogenese menschlicher Handlungsfähigkeit. (Moral development, socio-cognitive development, ego development. Theoretical elements in the ontogenesis of human action competence.) Fribourg, Switzerland: Author's Edition (published version of doctoral dissertation).
    Edited Books
  • Althof, W. / Garz, D. (2000). Editors of: Lawrence Kohlberg, Die Psychologie der Lebensspanne [The psychology of life span development]. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp (1st paperback edition 2007).
  • Althof, W., ed. (1999). Fehlerwelten. Vom Fehlermachen und Lernen aus Fehlern [Worlds of mistakes. On making mistakes and learning from them]. Opladen: Leske + Budrich.
  • Althof, W. / Baeriswyl, F. / Reich, K. H., eds. (1999). Autonomie und Entwicklung. [Autonomy and Development]. Fribourg (CH): Freiburger Universitätsverlag.
  • Garz, D. / Oser, F. / Althof, W., eds. (1999). Moralisches Urteilen und moralisches Handeln [Moral reasoning and moral action]. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp
  • Althof, W. (1995). Editor of: Lawrence Kohlberg, Die Psychologie der Moralentwicklung [The psychology of moral development]. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 1995 (Paperback edition in 1996).
  • Oser, F. / Althof, W. / Garz, D., eds. (1986), Moralische Zug änge zum Menschen - Zugänge zum moralischen Menschen [Moral approaches to man - approaches to moral man (i.e. human being)]. München: Kindt. ä
    Selected

Articles and Book Chapters

  • Gasser, L., & Althof, W. (in press 2017). Learning of moral and ethical issues in teacher education: Cognitive-developmental views. In D.J. Clandinin & J. Husu (Eds). International handbook of research on teacher education. Los Angeles: Sage.
  • Althof, W. (2015). Just Community sources and transformations. A conceptual archeology of Kohlberg’s approach to moral and democratic schooling. In B. Zizek, D. Garz & E. Nowak (Eds.), Kohlberg revisited (pp. 51-89). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.
  • Althof, W. (2014). Moral education. In D.C. Phillips (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational theory and philosophy. Vol. 2 (pp. 540-543) Los Angeles: Sage.
  • Althof, W. (2014). Just community. In Deutsche Gesellschaft für Demokratiepädagogik (Ed.), ABC der Demokratiepädagogik. Berlin and Jena, Germany:  Förderverein Demokratisch Handeln.
  • Althof, W. (2014). Gedanken zur Theoriebildung im struktur-genetischen Paradigma [Thoughts on theory construction in the cognitive-developmental paradigm]. In C. Kölbl & G. Mey (Eds.), Gesellschaftsverständnis. Entwicklungspsychologische Perspektiven (pp. 133-140). Giessen, Germany: Prosozial Verlag.
  • Althof, W., & Berkowitz, M.W. (2013). Character and civic education as a source of moral motivation. In K. Heinrichs, F. Oser & T. Lovat (Eds.), Handbook of moral motivation. Theories, models, applications (pp. 567-583). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Shields, D., Althof, W., Berkowitz, M.W., & Navarro, V. (2013). What are we trying to achieve? Developing a framework for preparing character educators. In M. Sanger & R. Osguthorpe (Eds.), The moral work of teaching: Preparing and supporting practitioners (pp. 164-180). New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Althof, W. (2012). AC/DC and the case against idiocy in the digital age: How media literacy and civic literacy go hand in hand. St. Louis, MO: Gateway Media Literacy Partners, Media Literacy Week: Featured Articles, Nov. 1, 2012; www.gmlpstl.org
  • Berkowitz, M.W., Althof, W., & Bier, M.C. (2012). The practice of prosocial education. In P. Brown, M. Corrigan & A. Higgins-d’Alessandro (Eds.), The Handbook of prosocial education (pp. 71-90). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Althof, W. (2011). The benefits and pitfalls of generic qualitative research. Journal of Social Welfare, 17(4), 55-78.
  • Stadelmann, T., & Althof, W. (2009). Demokratiep ädagogische Elemente [Elements in democracy education]. In W. Edelstein, S. Frank & A. Sliwka (Eds.), Praxisbuch Demokratiep ädagogik [Democracy education practice handbook] (pp. 238-244). Weinheim: Beltz.
  • Althof, W., & Stadelmann, T. (2009). Demokratische Schulgemeinschaft [Democratic school community]. In W. Edelstein, S. Frank & A. Sliwka (Eds.), Praxisbuch Demokratiep ädagogik [Democracy education practice handbook] (pp. 20-53). Weinheim: Beltz.
  • Althof, W. (2009). Scheinlösungen. Vom Nutzen und Schaden des Konzepts "Selbstsozialisation". Sozialisationstheoretische und p ädagogische Ãœberlegungen [Pseudo solutions. Benefits and disservice of the concept of "self socialization". Reflections in socialization theory and education]. In S. Bartmann, A. Fehlhaber, S. Kirsch / W. Lohfeld (Eds.), Natürlich stört das Leben ständig". Perspektiven auf Entwicklung und Erziehung ["Life disrupts constantly, indeed". Perspectives on development and education] (pp. 57-86). Wiesbaden: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
  • Oser, F., Althof, W., & Higgins-D'Alessandro, A. (2008). The Just Community approach to moral education: system change or individual change? Journal of Moral Education, 37(4), 395-415.
  • Althof, W. (2008). The Just Community approach to democratic education: Some affinities. In K. Tirri (Ed.), Educating moral sensibilities in urban schools (pp.145-155). Amsterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Berkowitz, M.W., Althof, W., Turner, V.D., & Bloch, D. (2008). Discourse, development, and education. In F. Oser & W. Veugelers (Eds.), Getting involved: Global citizenship development and sources of moral values (pp. 189-203). Amsterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Berkowitz, M.W., Althof, W., Jones, S. (2008). Educating for civic character. In J. Arthur, I. Davies & C. Hahn (Eds.), SAGE Handbook of Education for Citizenship and Democracy (pp. 399-409). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Althof, W., Diamond, S., & Liu, Y. (2007). CECH - Then and now. Citizenship Education Clearing House (1967-Present). St. Louis: University of Missouri-St. Louis (monograph).
  • Althof, Wolfgang (2007). Book review: Citizenship education in Asia and the Pacific", Journal of Moral Education, 36(1), 120-123.
  • Althof, W. (2007). Partizipation der Kinder [Participation of children]. In P.G. Kirchschläger et al. (Eds.), Menschenrechte und Kinder [Human rights and children]. Fourth International Human Rights Forum Lucerne (pp. 73-84). Bern: Stämpfli.
  • Althof, W., Luterbacher, M., & Wuest, L. (2007). Partizipation in Unterricht und Schule [Participation in classroom and school]. In P.G. Kirchschläger et al. (Eds.), Menschenrechte und Kinder [Human rights and children]. Fourth International Human Rights Forum Lucerne (pp. 305-310). Bern: St ämpfli.
  • Luterbacher, M., & Althof, W. (2007). Schüler lernen streiten. Aufbau einer konstruktiven Konfliktkultur in der Just Community-Schule [Students learn to argue. Development of a constructive culture of dealing with conflicts]. In C. Quesel / F. Oser (Eds.), Die Mühen der Freiheit. Probleme und Chancen der Partizipation von Kindern und Jugendlichen [The pains of freedom. Problems and chances of children's and adolescents' participation] (pp. 137-162). Zürich: Rüegger.
  • Althof, W., & Berkowitz, M.W. (2006). Moral education and character education: their relationship and roles in citizenship education. Journal of Moral Education, 2006, 35(4), 495-518.
  • Althof, W. (2003). Implementing â€??Just and Caring Communities" in Elementary Schools: A Deweyan Perspective. In Wiel Veugelers & F. K. Oser (Eds.), Teaching in Moral and Democratic Education (pp. 153-172). Bern: Peter Lang.
  • Oser, F. / Althof, W. (2001). Die Gerechte Schulgemeinschaft: Lernen durch Gestaltung des Schullebens [The just school community. Learning by forming/arranging/influencing life in schools]. In W. Edelstein, F. Oser & P. Schuster (Hrsg.), Moralische Erziehung in der Schule. Entwicklungspsychologie und p ädagogische Praxis [Moral education in schools. Developmental psychology and educational practice] (pp. 233-268). Weinheim und Basel: Beltz.
  • Althof, W. (1998). Schule als gerechte und fürsorgliche Gemeinschaft gestalten". Ideen aus einem Schulprojekt [Schools as just and caring communities. Ideas from a school project]. Revue Interdialogos, 1(1), 41-45.
  • Althof, W. / Oser, F. (1998). Zusammenh änge zwischen Ethosdimensionen und Niveau der moralischen Urteilskompetenz [Relationships between dimensions of professional morality and level of moral reasoning competence]. In F. Oser, Ethos - die Vermenschlichung des Erfolgs [Ethos - The humanization of success] (pp. 153-180). Opladen: Leske + Budrich.
  • Etienne, J.-B. / Althof, W. (1997). Eine Schule, in der sich Kinder wohl fühlen [A school where kids feel at home (i.e. have a high sense of well-being)]. Die Neue Schulpraxis, 67(5), 31-36.
  • Althof, W. (1996). Innere Schulreform: Gerechte und fürsorgliche Schulgemeinschaft" an der Primarschule Frenke, Liestal [Reforming schools from within: Just and caring school community at the primary school]. Sektor Erziehung, 1996, 4.
  • Oser, F. / Althof, W. (1996). Probleme lösen am Runden Tisch": P ädagogischer Diskurs und die Praxis von "Just Community"-Schulen [Problem solving at a round table: Pedagogical discourse and the practice of Just Community schools]. Beitr äge zur Lehrerbildung, 14(1), 29-42.
  • Althof, W. (1995). Teachers' moral judgment and interpersonal problem-solving in the classroom. In R. Olechowski & G. Svik (Eds.), Experimental Research in Teaching and Learning (pp. 271-294). Bern etc.: Peter Lang.
  • Althof, W. (1994). Just Community - Die Schule als Gemeinschaft gestalten [Developing schools towards a just community]. Schweizer Schule, 10/1994, 21-31.
  • Althof, W. / Oser, F. (1993). Editorial. Professional morality: ethical dimensions of teaching. Journal of Moral Education, 22(3), 197-200.
  • Oser, F. / Althof, W. (1993). Trust in advance: on the professional morality of teachers. Journal of Moral Education, 22(3), 253-275.
  • Lind, G. / Althof, W. (1992). Does the Just Community experience make a difference? Measuring and evaluating the effect of the DES project. Moral Education Forum, 17(2), 19-28.
  • Althof, W. / Zutavern, M. (1991). Politisches Handeln und moralische Entwicklung [Political action and moral development]. In M. Walther (Ed.), Widerstand im Gesamtblick II. Lesebuch für Handlungswillige. St. Gallen.
  • Althof, W. (1990). Selbstkonzept [Self concept]. In H.J. Sandkühler (Ed.), Europ äische Enzyklop ädie zu Philosophie und Wissenschaften [European encyclopedia of Philosophy and Science]. Hamburg: Meiner.
  • Althof, W. / Garz, D. / Zutavern, M. (1988). Heilige im Urteilen, Halunken im Handeln? Lebensbereiche, Biographie und Alltagsmoral [Pious reasoning, villainous deeds? Action domains, biography, and the moralities of everyday life]. Zeitschrift für Sozialisationsforschung und Erziehungssoziologie, 8, 162-181.
  • Althof, W. / Garz, D. (1988). Sind Frauen die besseren Menschen? [Are women better human beings?] Psychologie Heute, 15(9), 58-65.
  • Althof, W. (1987). Politische Sozialisation versus entwicklungsorientierte Moralerziehung? Inhaltliche und strukturale Aspekte [Political socialization vs. developmental moral education? Content-related and structural aspects]. Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, 21. Beiheft, 51-93.
  • Althof, W. / Zutavern, M. (1986). Politische Erziehung auf entwicklungspsychologischer Basis: Curriculare Ãœberlegungen. [Political education on developmental grounds. Curricular considerations.] Koblenz: Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Mediendidaktik.
  • Althof, W. / Garz, D. (1986). Moralische Zug änge zum Menschen - Zug änge zum moralischen Menschen. Schlussbetrachtungen [Moral approaches to man ß approaches to moral man (i.e. human being). Concluding remarks]. In F. Oser, W. Althof & D.l Garz (eds.), Moralische Zug änge zum Menschen - Zug änge zum moralischen Menschen. (Moral approaches to man – approaches to moral man [human being]) (pp. 327-362). München: Kindt.
  • Oser, F. / Berkowitz, M.W. / Althof, W. (1986). Lo sviluppo della logica argomentativa nei dialoghi fra pari (mit Fritz Oser und Marvin Berkowitz). Età  Evolutiva, 24, 76-85.
  • Oser, F. / Althof, W. (1986). Der moralische Kontext als Sumpfbeet möglicher Entwicklung: Erziehung angesichts der Individuum-Umwelt-Verschr änkung [The moral context as humous soil (or: marshy ground) of possible development. Education in the face of the intersection of individual and environment.) In: H. Bertram (Ed.), Gesellschaftlicher Zwang und moralische Autonomie [Societal constraint and moral autonomy] (pp. 322-357). Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.
  • Althof, W. (1984). Context-related aspects of real life moral judgment and action. In: Georg Lind (Ed.), Morality, Cognition, Education (pp. 41-51). Konstanz: University of Konstanz.
  • Althof, W. (1984). Moralerziehung in der Schule: Theorie und Praxis Ein Literaturbericht. (Moral education in schools. A review of the literature.) In Arnim Regenbogen (Ed.), Moral und Politik - Soziales Bewusstsein als Lernprozess [Morality and politics. Social consciousness as a learning process] (pp. 148-212). Köln: Pahl-Rugenstein.